A recently released study examining the use of drug testing programs by employers conducted by the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) and commissioned by the Drug and Alcohol Testing Association (DATIA) found that more than half of employers (57 percent) conduct drug tests on all job candidates.
According to the poll released in September 2011 that surveyed 1,058 randomly selected Human Resource professionals, 69 percent of employers who drug test job candidates have done so for seven years or more while 12 percent have used drug tests for five to six years. The study also found that:
- 71 percent of large organizations with 2,500 or more employees required all job applicants to take a pre-employment drug test.
- 62 percent of medium-sized businesses with 500 to 2,499 employees reported that they required drug testing
- 56 percent of businesses with 100 to 499 employees required pre-employment drug testing.
- 39 percent of small businesses with fewer than 100 employees had a drug-testing policy for job candidates.
In addition, two thirds of all businesses polled (66 percent) did not conduct drug testing for any of its contract employees, while almost three-quarters (72 percent) of multinational businesses reported that they used the same drug testing policies in operations outside the United States.
For more information about the study, see the article ‘SHRM Poll: Drug Testing Applicants Favored by More than Half of Employers’ at http://www.shrm.org/Publications/HRNews/Pages/DrugTestingFavored.aspx. To see the SHRM and DATIA poll, visit: http://www.shrm.org/Research/SurveyFindings/Articles/Pages/lDrugTestingEfficacy.aspx.
According to statistics cited on a U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) ‘General Workplace Impact’ page on the DOL website (See: http://www.dol.gov/asp/programs/drugs/workingpartners/stats/wi.asp) and the ‘Working Partners’ National Conference Proceedings Report sponsored by the DOL, the Small Business Administration (SBA), and the Office of National Drug Control Policy (See: http://www.tn.gov/labor-wfd/dfwp.html#thecost), workplace drug and alcohol may potentially cost U.S. businesses an estimated $100 billion each year and smaller businesses are more vulnerable to drug use in the workplace but drug tested less than larger businesses.
For more information and statistics about drug testing in the workplace, read the Employment Screening Resources (ESR) article ‘Studies Show Drugs in Workplace Cost Employers Billions and Small Businesses Employ More Drug Users but Drug Test Less’ at http://www.esrcheck.com/wordpress/2011/08/12/studies-show-drugs-in-workplace-cost-employers-billions-and-small-businesses-employ-more-drug-users-but-drug-test-less/.
About Employment Screening Resources (ESR):
Employment Screening Resources (ESR) literally wrote the book on background screening with “The Safe Hiring Manual” by ESR founder and CEO Lester Rosen. ESR streamlines the screening process and reduces administrative overhead though its proprietary technology solutions. ESR is accredited by The National Association of Professional Background Screeners (NAPBS®), a distinction held by less than two percent of all screening firms. This important recognition was achieved by successfully passing a third party audit demonstrating compliance with the NAPBS Background Screening Agency Accreditation Program. By choosing an accredited screening firm like ESR, employers know they have selected an agency that meets the highest industry standards. For more information about ESR, visit http://www.ESRcheck.com.