In the April, 2009 ESR Newsletter, ESR reported on a case in Ohio where a negligent hiring lawsuit was filed on behalf of a sleep clinic patient that was sexually molested by a staff member.Â http://www.esrcheck.com/newsletter/archives/April_2009.php.Â The article reported that a technician was facing gross sexual imposition and sexual imposition charges for allegedly molesting five victims.Â The lawsuit â€œaccuses the sleep clinic of negligence for hiring (the worker) and failing to properly supervise him.â€Â Â
Another sleep clinic case, this time from California is now in the news.Â According to a story in the Monterey County Herald, a sleep technician was accused of sexual misconduct and the case eventually resulted in a no contest plea to a battery charge.Â The case even lead to a new law in California that regulated workers in sleep clinics and required them to pass background check.Â See:Â http://www.montereyherald.com/local/ci_13864096Â
These stories demonstrate a fundamental fact of life for employers. In deciding how extensively to perform background screening, employers need to consider the risks involved.Â Patients in a medical facility are highly vulnerable and therefore at greater risk. Presumably, patients at a sleep clinic are even more vulnerable since they are there to sleep.
Examples where employers may have an increased duty of care are:Â
- The workers have contact or responsibilities with groups at risk, such as the young, infirmed, or elderly.
- Jobs such as a security guard, where a person acts under a â€œcolor of authority.â€Â A person who wears a uniform is even a higher risk since a person may assume they have authority and may let their guard down.Â
- Jobs with special responsibilities such as an apartment manager that has the master key to all of the apartments.
- Jobs where a worker has access to sensitive consumer information, such as credit card numbers or Social Security numbers.
- Jobs where by statute, there is particular sensitivity.Â An example can be safety sensitive positions such as workers at nuclear plants.Â Sarbanes-Oxley compliance is another area where that may create a higher duty of care.
- Jobs where workers enter homes, or where other unique risks exist.Â A person in their own home can be extremely vulnerable since they are shielded from the public and cannot obtain help easily.Â In fact, an organization called the Sue Weaver Cause advocates greater due diligence where workers enter homes.Â According to their website:
â€œAugust 27, 2001, Sue Weaver was brutally raped and beaten to death by a twice convicted sex-offender hired to do service work in her home. Sue had contracted with a major department store to have the air ducts in her home cleaned.Â (The department store) did not conduct criminal background checks on those workers they sent into their clients’ homes.â€Â Â For more information, see:Â http://www.sueweavercause.org/Â Â
To review the risk management considerations for your screening program, contact Jared Callahan at 415-898-0044 or e-mail him at firstname.lastname@example.org