Two new reports from the National Employment Law Project (NELP) reveal that 42 cities and counties and seven states in the U.S. have adopted “Ban the Box” policies that remove questions about criminal history from job application forms and delay them until later in the hiring process to ensure that qualified job applicants with arrest or conviction records are not unfairly shut out from employment opportunities. A press release from NELP – a non-partisan, not-for-profit organization that focuses on issues affecting low-wage and unemployed workers – is available at: http://www.nelp.org/page/-/Press%20Releases/2012/PR-Ban-the-Box-Momentum.pdf?nocdn=1. According to the NELP Resource Guide ‘Ban the Box: Major U.S. Cities and Counties Adopt Fair Hiring Policies to Remove Unfair Barriers to Employment of People with Criminal Records’ updated in October 2012, the following 42 cities and counties have banned the box:
- 1. Alameda County, CA; 2. Atlantic City, NJ; 3. Austin, TX; 4. Baltimore, MD; 5. Berkeley, CA; 6. Boston, MA; 7. Bridgeport, CT; 8. Cambridge, MA; 9. Carson, CA; 10. Chicago, IL; 11. Cincinnati, OH; 12. Cleveland, OH; 13. Compton, CA; 14. Cumberland County, NC; 15. Detroit, MI; 16. Durham City, NC; 17. Durham County, NC; 18. East Palo Alto, CA; 19. Hartford, CT; 20. Jacksonville, FL; 21. Kalamazoo, MI; 22. Memphis, TN; 23. Minneapolis, MN; 24. Multnomah County, OR; 25. Muskegon County, MI; 26. Newark, NJ; 27. New Haven, CT; 28. New York, NY; 29. Newport News, VA; 30. Norwich, CT; 31. Oakland, CA; 32. Philadelphia, PA; 33. Providence, RI; 34. Richmond, CA; 35. San Francisco, CA; 36. Santa Clara County, CA; 37. Seattle, WA; 38. Spring Lake, NC; 39. St. Paul, MN; 40. Travis County, TX; 41. Washington, DC; 42. Worcester, MA.
- California State Personnel Board (SPB) Memo administrative directive applies to state employment.
- Colorado House Bill 1263 applies to state employment and licensing and job-related factors.
- Connecticut: House Bill 5207 applies to state employment and licensing, job-related factors, and limits on information.
- Hawaii House Bill 3528 applies to public and private employment and limits on information.
- Massachusetts Senate Bill 2583 applies to public and private employment, limits on information, and negligent hiring.
- Minnesota House File 1301 applies to public employment, job-related factors, and limits on information.
- New Mexico Senate Bill 254 applies to public employment and licensing and limits on information.