Written By ESR News Blog Editor Thomas Ahearn
Total nonfarm employment in the United States rose by 850,000 jobs and the unemployment rate rose slightly to 5.9 percent in June 2021 as the labor market continued to recover from the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, according to the monthly jobs report released by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
The jobs report for June 2021 revealed the number of unemployed persons was 9.5 million, which is down considerably from a recent high in April 2020 but well above levels prior to the COVID-19 pandemic in February 2020. Notable job gains in June 2021 occurred in leisure and hospitality, and public and private education.
- Leisure and hospitality employment increased by 343,000 jobs in June 2021 but is down by 2.2 million jobs since February 2020.
- Public and private education employment increased in June 2021. Employment rose by 155,000 jobs in local government education, by 75,000 jobs in state government education, and by 30,000 in private education. Since February 2020, employment is down 414,000 jobs in local government education, 168,000 jobs in state government education, and 255,000 jobs in private education.
- Retail trade employment added 67,000 jobs in June 2021 but is down by 303,000 jobs since February 2020.
- Other services employment added 56,000 jobs in June 2021 but is 297,000 jobs lower than in February 2020.
- Social assistance employment rose by 32,000 jobs in June 2021 but is down by 236,000 jobs since February 2020.
- Wholesale trade employment increased by 21,000 jobs in June 2021 but is down by 192,000 jobs since February 2020.
- Manufacturing employment rose by 15,000 jobs in June 2021 but is 481,000 jobs lower than in February 2020.
- Transportation and warehousing employment added 11,000 jobs in June 2021 but is down by 94,000 jobs since February 2020.
- Mining employment added 10,000 jobs in June 2021 but is down by 110,000 jobs since a peak in January 2019.
- Construction employment lost 7,000 jobs in June 2021 and is 238,000 jobs below its February 2020 level.
- Employment changed little in other major industries such as information, financial activities, and health care in June 2021.
The jobs report showed the change in employment for April 2021 was revised from 278,000 jobs added to 269,000 jobs added, while May 2021 was revised from 559,000 jobs added to 583,000 jobs added. With these revisions, gains in April 2021 and May 2021 were 15,000 jobs higher than previously reported.
As in previous months, some workers affected by the pandemic who should have been classified as unemployed on temporary layoff were instead misclassified as employed but not at work. However, the share of
misclassified responses was highest in the early months of the pandemic and has been lower in recent months.
Since March 2020, the BLS has published an estimate of what the unemployment rate might have been had misclassified workers been included among the unemployed. Repeating this same approach, the seasonally adjusted unemployment rate in June 2021 would have been 0.2 percentage point higher than reported.
The jobs report is usually released on the first Friday of every month at www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.nr0.htm (PDF). The jobs report for July 2021 will be released on Friday, August 6, 2021. More information about the June 2021 jobs report is at www.bls.gov/covid19/employment-situation-covid19-faq-june-2021.htm.
COVID-19 is a deadly respiratory illness that spreads from person to person. As of July 2, 2021, there are approximately 182 million global cases and 3.9 million global deaths, while the United States leads the world with approximately 33 million cases and 605,000 deaths, according to research from Johns Hopkins University.
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